October 2, 2023

Reproductive Health, Reproductive Justice, Reproductive Rights

Domestic violence is a deeply disturbing and pervasive issue that affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide. In the United States, 1 in 4 women and 1 in 9 men experience severe intimate partner physical violence. It is a problem that transcends boundaries of gender, race, and socioeconomic status. But what sometimes goes unnoticed is the intricate web of connections between domestic violence and reproductive rights and justice. In honor of Domestic Violence Awareness Month, let’s explore these intersections, shedding light on the ways in which they impact the lives of survivors and the broader fight for reproductive rights and justice.

Understanding Domestic Violence

Before delving into the connections between domestic violence and reproductive rights, it’s crucial to understand the nature of domestic violence. Domestic violence encompasses physical, emotional, psychological, and financial abuse within an intimate relationship. It is a pattern of behavior where one partner seeks to gain power and control over the other. Domestic violence can manifest in various forms, such as physical abuse, emotional manipulation, isolation, and economic exploitation. The consequences of domestic violence are often far-reaching, affecting not only the immediate survivors but also future generations.

Reproductive Coercion
One of the most alarming intersections of domestic violence and reproductive rights is reproductive coercion. Reproductive coercion involves controlling and manipulating a partner’s reproductive choices. This can include coercing someone into having an abortion or keeping a pregnancy against their individual judgment, preventing them from using contraception, or tampering with birth control methods. Survivors of domestic violence may find themselves in situations where they have little to no control over their reproductive decisions, perpetuating a cycle of abuse and disempowerment.

Forced Pregnancy
For some survivors of domestic violence, the intersection with reproductive rights takes the form of forced pregnancy. Abusers may deliberately impregnate their partners as a means of asserting control, making it nearly impossible for the survivor to leave the abusive relationship. Forced pregnancies not only violate reproductive autonomy but also put survivors’ physical and emotional health at risk. In the United States, homicide – often involving a firearm – is a leading cause of death of pregnant individuals.

Limited Access to Healthcare
Access to healthcare is a fundamental component of reproductive rights and justice. However, many survivors of domestic violence face barriers to seeking medical care. Fear of retaliation or financial dependence on the abuser can prevent survivors from obtaining critical healthcare services, such as prenatal care, STI testing, and family planning. In this way, domestic violence directly impedes the ability to exercise reproductive rights and access essential healthcare.

Domestic violence and its impact on reproductive rights are not uniform across all communities. Intersectionality plays a significant role in this context. Marginalized communities, such as LGBTQ+ individuals, people of color, and individuals with disabilities, often face additional barriers and discrimination when seeking help. The intersections of domestic violence and reproductive rights are amplified for these communities, compounding the challenges they face.

Barriers to Leaving Abusive Relationships
Leaving an abusive relationship is an immensely challenging and often dangerous process. Reproductive factors can add complexity to this already difficult decision. Survivors may be concerned about custody issues, child support, or legal battles that could ensue. This fear of losing parental rights can be a significant barrier to seeking help and escaping abuse.

Impact on Children
The intersection of domestic violence and reproductive rights has a profound impact on the children of survivors. Witnessing violence in the home can lead to long-term physical and psychological consequences for children. Additionally, abusers often use children as pawns in the power struggle, further complicating the reproductive choices of survivors. This underscores the need for comprehensive support systems for survivors and their children.


The complex intersections of domestic violence and reproductive rights and justice underscore the urgency of addressing both issues in tandem. To combat domestic violence effectively, it is essential to consider the broader implications for survivors’ reproductive autonomy, access to healthcare, and legal rights. Support systems and policies should be designed to address the multifaceted needs of survivors and consider the intersecting factors that may hinder their ability to seek help and find safety.

The fight for reproductive rights and justice is intricately connected to the fight against domestic violence. Recognizing and addressing these intersections is a crucial step in creating a society that values and protects the autonomy, safety, and well-being of all its members, regardless of their gender, race, or socioeconomic status. Ultimately, the battle for reproductive rights and justice must include a commitment to ending domestic violence and the many ways it restricts the rights of survivors.

For more information and resources regarding domestic violence in Maine and beyond, please visit the following sites:

Maine Office of Child and Family Services OFS) Violence Prevention Program

The Maine Coalition to End Domestic Violence

Family Violence Project

Through These Doors

National Domestic Violence Hotline